What is CBD?

Maybe you or your friends are asking, “What is CBD?” Well, CBD (also known as cannabidiol) is a chemical compound found in cannabis plants that many people believe has potential medical benefits. With more and more people discovering CBD everyday, the industry has exploded. If you are just figuring out what CBD is, it is easy to get overwhelmed with number of acronyms and scientific terms that tend to pop up. So, we decided to create a guide which covers all the biggest terms in CBD. If you are constantly navigating the space, this would be a great resource to bookmark. (Tip: You can use Ctrl+F or Cmd+F to search for a specific term)

What is CBD? CBD tincture with CBD molecule

CBD Dictionary

Cannabidiol– Also known as CBD, cannabidiol is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid found in cannabis plants. Because of the many endogenous cannabinoid receptors found throughout the body, many people believe CBD promotes restful sleep, supports normal cartilage and joint function, relieves occasional inflammation and nausea, enhances relaxation, and more.

Cannabis-A genus of flowering plants in the family Cannabaceae comprised of three species: Cannabis sativa, Cannabis indica, and Cannabis ruderalis.

Cannabinoid-A classification for a chemical compound found in a cannabis which acts upon cannabinoid receptors. CBD is an example of a cannabinoid.

Carrier Oil-Refers to the type of oil CBD is dissolved in. Commonly used oils are coconut oil, MCT oil,  and olive oil. CBD isn’t naturally water soluble, so it must be dissolved in a carrier oil in order to be delivered in a liquid form.

CBD-Also known as cannabidiol, CBD is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid found in cannabis. Because of the many endogenous cannabinoid receptors found throughout the body, many people believe CBD promotes restful sleep, supports normal cartilage and joint function, relieves occasional nausea, enhances relaxation, and more.

Decarboxylation-A reaction which removes the carboxyl group from a chemical compound. This is a necessary step in the CBD extraction process, as CBD naturally occurs as CBD-A before undergoing decarboxylation. This process “activates” the CBD molecule, allowing the CBD to have the desired effect when consumed orally.

Endocannabinoid System-A biological system composed of cannabinoid receptors and endocannabinoids, which are internal neurotransmitters that bind to cannabinoid receptors. Depending on the receptor and where it is located, endocannabinoids can have different effects. Endocannabinoids and their receptors are found throughout the body: in the brain, organs, connective tissues, glands, and immune cells.

Entourage Effect-Refers to a concept and proposed mechanism by which the various compounds present in cannabis can work together to cause a greater effect than they would individually.

Full Spectrum-A term used to describe CBD extracts which include all of the peripheral cannabinoids and terpenes found alongside CBD. By contrast, CBD isolate consists of 98-99% CBD by mass, with no other terpenes and trace (sometimes undetectable) levels of other cannabinoids comprising the remaining 1-2%.

Hemp-A variant of the Cannabis Sativa plant species specifically grown for the industrial uses of its derived products. Hemp has low concentrations of THC and high concentrations of CBD. CBD products derived from hemp are legal for purchase in the United States as well as over 40 countries.

High Potency-A term used to describe products with a high concentration of CBD. The CBD potency of a product is usually measured in mg/ml. (Buy High Potency CBD Tincture)

High potency CBD tinctures

Isolate-CBD in crystalline form. Isolate is comprised of >98% CBD by mass. (Buy CBD Isolate)

Close up on a chunk of CBD isolate crystals

RSO-Also known as “Rick Simpson Oil”, RSO is an extremely concentrated oil made from cannabis extracts. Although it’s inventor originally used high THC cannabis to make his extract, our RSO is made from hemp which makes it available across the U.S. (Buy CBD RSO)


Sublingually-This term refers to the method of using an eyedropper to place a CBD solution beneath the tongue. Held underneath the tongue, the CBD is absorbed directly into the bloodstream via the blood vessels beneath your tongue.

Terpene-A class of organic compounds found in a variety of plants, including all forms of cannabis. Often terpenes have a strong fragrance and can have their own specific effects when ingested.

THC-THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) is the principal psychoactive chemical of cannabis. All of our products contain less than 0.3% THC.

Tincture– A solution of CBD dissolved within an oil or another carrier.  Tinctures are often taken sublingually, using an eyedropper to place the solution beneath the tongue. However, tinctures can also be added to drinks and incorporated into recipes. (Buy CBD Tincture)

CBD tinctures

Whole Plant Extract– When you see this term referring to a CBD product, it means the product contains all of the cannabinoids and terpenes naturally found within hemp were extracted from the plant alongside CBD in its creation. In contrast, isolates include only CBD and all other terpenes are excluded.


Hopefully, you are no longer asking yourself, what is CBD? But perhaps you have more questions. Is there a term you would like to know more about? Let us know in the comments below!

These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. Lazarus Naturals shall not be held liable for any direct or indirect damages caused in any way through the use of information, services, or products provided or sold by Etz Hayim Holdings DBA Lazarus Naturals. This disclaimer of liability applies to any damages or injury which may be perceived to be caused by the information or products sold or provided by Etz Hayim Holdings.

9 replies
    • Michael Freund says:

      Unfortunately, until there is more research we cannot recommend products for specific ailments. We suggest consulting a medical professional for these kinds of conversations.

    • Adrian Salvatore says:

      All of our products are either full spectrum or isolate based. If the ingredients list hemp extract, then it is a full spectrum product. If it only lists CBD isolate, then it is an isolate based product. We have icons on all of our product pages to help you tell the difference. Thank you for inquiring and staying educated on CBD!

  1. Adam Hefner says:


    If they are Full Spectrum, do you have the terpenes profile for each? Specifically your High Potency tinicture!


    • McCarton Ackerman says:

      Hi Adam. Unfortunately, we don’t have terpene profiles listed for these products. You can find more information about this tincture and our other products in the “Test Results” tab of each individual product page on our website.

  2. Derek says:

    Hi, Thanks for all great info you have available on your site. I have a question regarding your decarboxylation definition.
    In your definition you say that “as CBD naturally occurs as CBD-A before undergoing decarboxylation. ” Are you saying that CBD ONLY occurs in the hemp plant as the acid form? Or are you saying that both CBD and CBD-A both occur naturally in the hemp plant and in order to get the most CBD out of a plant you decarboxylate the acid form of CBD? Thanks.


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  1. […] their products tested by a third party lab. Another important reason to pay attention to total CBD content is for price comparison. CBD oil comes in all shapes, sizes, and potencies. A very common […]

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